The Facts About Teens Every Parent Should Know
Parents of teenagers deal with dramatic attitudes, irrational moods and sometimes a variety of different characters. These facts about teens can shed some light on the mysteries of adolescence. Have your ever wondered why these wide range of emotions occur? Here are the facts you should know about your growing teenager.
Period of development.
Adolescent years range between 11 and 19 years old, and have been considered one of the most crucial times in your child’s development. Even though the brain continues to change throughout a person’s life, there is a significant leap that takes place during adolescence. This developmental period of time will greatly impact the rest of your child’s life.
Social behavior and abstract thought are two very incredible skill sets adolescents acquire. Most teens haven’t mastered these yet, so parents often times become a target for their tantrums. During this period of time, kids struggle with understanding someone else’s point of view. This results in the misuse of conflict as a type of self-expression.
Taking a risk.
If your teen feels the need to make vulnerable changes in their life by engaging in risky behaviors, this is normal. The development of the prefrontal cortex triggers a teen to need high doses of risk, the same amount that adults do. Parents should limit their teen’s behavior because of their specific developmental vulnerabilities.
Scientists believed that infants were the only ones that had an overabundance of neuronal connections, growing in their first three years of life. But after numerous neurological studies, it has been discovered that a second burst of neuronal sprouting happens before puberty for both boys and girls.
Critical thinking skills.
The teen brain becomes more interconnected due to an increase of brain matter, allowing it to gain more processing power. If you ever notice your teen’s decision-making a little confusing or overly emotional, this is because their brains rely heavily on the limbic system (emotional seat of brain) rather than the more rational prefrontal cortex part of the brain.
Our limbic system is responsible for making major changes in the body called puberty. In the development of the limbic system, this makes the connection of sensory information to emotional responses and yields hormonal changes, such as, aggression, rage, excitement and sexual attraction. Due to these areas in the brain trying to gain equilibrium, kids have a tendency to misinterpret parents, teachers and friends.
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